Multi-source feedback: the importance of enhanced self-reflection in the context of leadership competences
Author: Spurgeon, Tom
Source: The International Journal of Clinical Leadership, Volume 16, Number 3, September 2008 , pp. 143-148(6)
Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing Ltd.
Abstract:Background Multi-source or 360-degree feedback is now an important part of the appraisal process for doctors, and is intended to improve their performance in the core competencies. The appraisal process may involve self-assessments, which can be influenced by insight and ability to reflect.
Aim To investigate the concepts used by first-year medical students in their self-assessments using a think-aloud process.
Sample A convenience sample of 18 first-year medical undergraduates.
Method Using a 17-item peer assessment questionnaire, participants were asked to self-rate on each item and, as they did so, to think aloud about how and why they were rating themselves as they were. Responses were tape-recorded and analysed using standard content analysis.
Results The results suggested that themes were being used, which primarily consisted of surface behaviours rather than any deeper reflective conceptual statements. The majority of the participants found the task difficult.
Conclusion Although self-assessment is a valuable tool for improving reflective practice and self-awareness, the task is not necessarily an easy one. Its value could be improved by clearer statements of the aims and intentions of appraisal, clearer definitions of the required performance standards and behaviour, and more training in reflection.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-09-01