Doctors in leadership: learning from international experience
Abstract:This paper describes the arrangements for involving doctors in leadership roles in Australia, New Zealand, The Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Canada and the United States. While it is rare for doctors to be appointed to chief executive posts, it is common for them to be involved as medical directors in hospitals and other healthcare organisations. Doctors also take on leadership roles as heads of clinical departments and directorates. A wide range of leadership education and development is offered in these countries and Denmark stands out for the commitment it has made to supporting doctors to take on leadership roles. In the United States, Kaiser Permanente is an exemplar of medical leadership. Kaiser Permanente is unusual because of the high proportion of doctors in leadership roles, the value placed on these roles, and the career structures that enable doctors to move into and out of leadership roles. The United Kingdom has the opportunity to learn from experience in other countries to strengthen the role of doctors in leadership.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2008