If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Golf at a Crossroads: Hazardous or Healthy Strategies

$47.81 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Today we see golf course maintenance at the crossroads between hazardous and healthy strategies. This is a major challenge as there is no national, independently verified certification program for monitoring the degree of pesticide use on golf courses in the United States. The total number of active ingredients (AIs) eligible for inclusion in EPA-registered pesticide products for use on golf courses is over 68. This paper focuses on 29 AIs, identified as the most common chemical pesticides used on our nation's courses today. These AIs also may be called "chemical pesticides" or simply "pesticides." Of these 29 pesticide AIs: 12 are herbicides, 7 are insecticides, and 10 are fungicides. Golfers can come in contact directly with chemical pesticides used on golf course turf by touching their equipment, shoes, or clothing especially after touching the grass itself. Golfers can ingest chemicals from pesticide-contaminated skin if they smoke, eat or drink after or during play without first washing their hands. They can inhale chemicals that vaporize from the grass. Volatility is most likely to occur immediately after the chemical application, but also depends on the temperature and climate of the course, as well as the chemical properties of the pesticides.

Document Type: Commentary

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1564/21jun03

Publication date: June 1, 2010

More about this publication?
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more