PESTS AND DISEASES OF AUSTRALIAN STONE FRUIT AND THEIR MANAGEMENT

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Abstract:

The Australian stone fruit industry recently commissioned a survey of orchardists to determine their orchard's major pest and disease problems and their preferred management strategies. Group discussions were conducted in 13 Australian stone fruit production regions and the information gathered will be used to direct whole-of-industry pest and disease management directions. When information from all regions was pooled, brown rot (caused by Monilinia fructicola and M. laxa) and bacterial spot (caused by Xanthomonas arboricola pv pruni) were the most frequently mentioned disease problems. A range of arthropod pests were mentioned as serious problems, notably Carpophilus beetles (Carpophilus spp.), Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), two spotted mites (Tetranychus urticae), San José scale (Diaspidiotus perniciosus) and white peach scale (Pseudaulacaspis pentagona). Pest and disease management was largely reliant on pesticides, but control was enhanced through the use of other management techniques. Regulatory authorities have recently moved to limit the numbers of pesticides available to industry and it is likely that Integrated Pest and Disease Management (IPDM) will become a major component of pest and disease control. Recent developments facilitating this transition are discussed.

Keywords: BENEFICIAL ARTHROPODS; INTEGRATED PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT; PESTICIDE; STONE FRUIT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1564/18feb14

Affiliations: NSW Department of Primary Industries, Orange Agricultural Institute, Forest Road, Orange NSW 2800, Australia

Publication date: February 1, 2007

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