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The Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC): Public responsibility and enlightened industrial self-interest

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Abstract:

Effective management of pest insect populations in most of the world' s agriculture and horticulture is dependent on a variety of inputs including a ready supply of safe, highly efficacious chemical insecticides. Likewise, effective control of insect pests of animal health and public health is also highly dependent on the availability of insecticidal products. With their abundant numbers and short life-cycles, populations of pest insects can readily develop resistance to the insecticides used against them with the result that once effective insecticides are no longer able to control the pests for which they were intended. Accordingly, resistance may be usefully defined as 'a heritable change in the sensitivity of a pest population that is reflected in the repeated failure of a product to achieve the expected level of control when used according to the label recommendation for that pest species'. This definition differs slightly from others in the literature, however we believe it represents the most accurate, practical definition of relevance to farmers and growers. The agrochemical industry views resistance as an extremely serious threat and an issue that needs a proactive approach. Effective insecticide resistance management (IRM) is essential and the industry-wide Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) is dedicated to making this a reality.

Keywords: EDUCATION; INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE; INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT (IRM); IRAC; MODE OF ACTION; REGULATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1564/16feb04

Publication date: February 1, 2006

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