Germplasm collection and fruit characterisation of cherimoya (Annona cherimola) in Loja province, Ecuador, an important centre of biodiversity

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Abstract:

Loja Province (southern Ecuador) is generally acknowledged to be located in the centre of origin of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.), a promising Andean fruit that is cultivated on an increasing scale, with Spain, Chile and United States showing growing interest in its commercialisation. A comprehensive study of cherimoya in Loja Province realised from January 1996 till September 1999 gave valuable information for future crop development. Although cherimoya is very common, well known and appreciated all over the province, commercial cultivation has not yet developed and the trees are found in the wild or tolerated in farmers' gardens. Several trees showed better fruit quality characteristics than those of 'Fino de Jete', 'Bays', 'White', 'Bronceada' and 'Concha Lisa', which are commercialised on large scale. It is concluded that Loja Province possesses interesting germplasm accessions which should be used to develop local cherimoya growing and in international cherimoya improvement programmes.

Keywords: ANNONA CHERIMOLA; CHERIMOYA; ETHNOBOTANY; FRUIT CROP; FRUIT QUALITY

Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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  • The Belgian Journal of Botany (now known as Plant Ecology and Evolution) is an international journal open to all fields of plant sciences. Please note, however, that papers restricted to purely nomenclatural matters or to floristical data of only local interest will not be accepted. The Journal appears in one volume of two issues per year. It publishes reviews, original research papers, short notes, letters to the editor, and book reviews. Click here for current issues of this journal
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