Nonword repetition in lexical decision: Support for two opposing processes

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Abstract:

We tested and confirmed the hypothesis that the prior presentation of nonwords in lexical decision is the net result of two opposing processes: (1) a relatively fast inhibitory process based on global familiarity; and (2) a relatively slow facilitatory process based on the retrieval of specific episodic information. In three studies, we manipulated speed-stress to influence the balance between the two processes. Experiment 1 showed item-specific improvement for repeated nonwords in a standard "respond-when-ready" lexical decision task. Experiment 2 used a 400-ms deadline procedure and showed performance for nonwords to be unaffected by up to four prior presentations. In Experiment 3 we used a signal-to-respond procedure with variable time intervals and found negative repetition priming for repeated nonwords. These results can be accounted for by dual-process models of lexical decision (e.g., Balota & Chumbley, 1984; Balota & Spieler, 1999).

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02724980343000729

Affiliations: 1: University of Amsterdam Amsterdam The Netherlands 2: Indiana University Bloomington IN USA 3: Stanford University Stanford CA USA

Publication date: October 1, 2004

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