Algorithmic solution of arithmetic problems and operands–answer associations in long-term memory

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Abstract:

Many developmental models of arithmetic problem solving assume that any algorithmic solution of a given problem results in an association of the two operands and the answer in memory (Logan & Klapp, 1991; Siegler, 1996). In this experiment, adults had to perform either an operation or a comparison on the same pairs of two-digit numbers and then a recognition task. It is shown that unlike comparisons, the algorithmic solution of operations impairs the recognition of operands in adults. Thus, the postulate of a necessary and automatic storage of operands–answer associations in memory when young children solve additions by algorithmic strategies needs to be qualified.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/713755966

Affiliations: 1: University of Burgundy, Dijon, France 2: Blaise Pascal University, Clermont-Ferrand, France

Publication date: May 1, 2001

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