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Task-switching costs, Stroop-costs, and executive control: A correlational study

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Three correlational studies investigated the relationship between the time costs associated with Stroop stimuli (Stroop-costs) with the time costs associated with task-switching (switch-costs) obtained from colour-word stimuli and digit stimuli. In all studies, large and significant positive correlations were found between different measures of switch-costs. However, only small (and sometimes non-significant) correlations were obtained between the different measures of Stroop-costs and between measures of Stroop-costs and measures of switch-costs. The results are taken as evidence for the existence of some common or shared specialized mechanisms involved in taskswitching, which are different from those used to overcome Stroop interference.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: University of Essex, Colchester, UK 2: University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK

Publication date: May 1, 2001


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