The Role of Implicit Memory in Controlling a Dynamic System
Author: Fahey, Zoltan Dienes Richard
Source: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A, 1 August 1998, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 593-614(22)
Abstract:The relationship between implicit memory and implicit learning is explored. Dienes and Fahey (1995) showed that learning to control a dynamic system was mediated by a look-up table consisting of previously successful responses to specific situations. The experiment reported in this paper showed that facilitated performance on old situations was independent of the subjects' ability to recognize those situations as old, suggesting that memory was implicit. Further analyses of the Dienes and Fahey data replicated this independence of control performance on recognition. However, unlike the implicit memory revealed on fragment completion tasks, successful performance on the dynamic control tasks was remarkably resilient to modality shifts. The results are discussed in terms of models of implicit learning and the nature of implicit memory.
Document Type: Research Article