A General Factor Involved in Dual task Performance Decrement
Authors: Bourke, Patrick A.; Duncan, John; Nimmo-Smith, Ian
Source: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A, 1 August 1996, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 525-545(21)
Abstract:Beyond specific conflicts between tasks that are obviously similar (e.g. two verbal tasks) and limits specific to speeded responses, is there a general limitation on what tasks can be done simultaneously? In two experiments, we examined dual-task combinations designed to avoid known sources of specific interference. Under these circumstances, a general factor model predicts consistency in the pattern of results. Tasks should be ordered in demands on the general factor as measured by interference with concurrent tasks; this order should be the same for any concurrent task used to measure it. This prediction was confirmed in both experiments, each involving 12 dual task combinations of four tasks. In Experiment 1, the tasks were tone discrimination, random letter generation, a manual-tactile manipulation task, and recognition memory for photographs. In Experiment 2, the first of these was replaced by an easier tone-monitoring task, and the last by a visual prototype learning task.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1996-08-01T00:00:00