Suppressed Working Memory on the WMS-III as a Marker for Poor Effort
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (Neuropsychology, Developm, 1 April 2006, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 294-305(12)
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical utility of memory minus Working Memory Index (memory-WMI) discrepancy scores on the WMS-III for detecting poor effort in 145 personal injury litigants (19 poor effort, 126 adequate effort). On average, participants in the poor effort group performed significantly lower on all WMS-III memory indexes and demonstrated larger memory-WMI discrepancy scores compared to participants in the adequate effort group. Discriminant function analyses using memory-WMI discrepancy scores as independent variables revealed poor overall classification rates (60.0% to 63.4%). Based on the prevalence of unusually suppressed attention-concentration ability relative to memory functioning using unidirectional memory-WMI discrepancy scores, high specificity and negative predictive power values were found. However, there was unacceptably low sensitivity and positive predictive power. These results suggest that memory-WMI discrepancy scores on the WMS-III do not provide clinically useful information regarding response set and should be used cautiously as an indicator of poor effort.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Riverview Hospital, Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada 2: Independent Practice, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 3: Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Publication date: April 1, 2006