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A Qualitative Exploration of Smoking Influences and Quit Attempts among Nondaily Smokers

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Objectives: We examined social cognitive constructs in relation to nondaily smoking and cessation-related behaviors in a community sample of adult nondaily smokers (>24 years of age). Methods: We conducted six focus groups using a semi-structured interview format. Participants were 28 African-American and 24 white nondaily smokers. Results: Participants described a sense of control over their smoking but previous failed quit attempts had negative implications for self-efficacy. Participants perceived themselves as reducing their health risks relative to daily smokers. Potential impediments to quitting include social influences to smoke and skepticism of using smoking cessation medications. Conclusions: Smoking cessation messaging should specifically address nondaily smoking. Targeted health communications may help increase relevance to nondaily smokers and increase treatment utilization.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA

Publication date: 01 May 2014

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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