A Qualitative Exploration of Smoking Influences and Quit Attempts among Nondaily Smokers
Objectives: We examined social cognitive constructs in relation to nondaily smoking and cessation-related behaviors in a community sample of adult nondaily smokers (>24 years of age). Methods: We conducted six focus groups using a semi-structured interview format. Participants were 28 African-American and 24 white nondaily smokers. Results: Participants described a sense of control over their smoking but previous failed quit attempts had negative implications for self-efficacy. Participants perceived themselves as reducing their health risks relative to daily smokers. Potential impediments to quitting include social influences to smoke and skepticism of using smoking cessation medications. Conclusions: Smoking cessation messaging should specifically address nondaily smoking. Targeted health communications may help increase relevance to nondaily smokers and increase treatment utilization.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
Publication date: 01 May 2014
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