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Does Adolescent Weight Status Predict Problematic Substance Use Patterns?

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Objectives: To identify underlying patterns of cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and marijuana use in young adulthood, and ascertain whether adolescent overweight or obesity status predicts problematic substance use patterns. Methods: The study included 15,119 participants from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) at Wave 1 (11-19 years) and Wave 3 (18-26 years). Latent class analysis was conducted. Results: Participants were classified into a Low Substance Use (35%), Regular Smokers (12%), High-risk Alcohol use (33%), or High Substance Use (20%) class. Overweight/obese adolescents had a greater likelihood of belonging to the Regular Smokers class. Conclusions: Overweight/obese adolescents are at higher risk of engaging in regular cigarette smoking without problematic alcohol or marijuana use.
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Keywords: ADOLESCENCE; ALCOHOL; CIGARETTE SMOKING; MARIJUANA; OBESITY; YOUNG ADULTHOOD

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, USA. [email protected] 2: Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, USA 3: Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Los Angeles, USA

Publication date: 01 September 2014

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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