A Social Ecological Assessment of Physical Activity among Urban Adolescents

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine the physical, social and temporal contexts of physical activity, as well as sex variations of the associations among 314 urban adolescents. Methods: Three-day physical activity recall measured contextual information of physical activities. Logistic regressions and generalized estimating equation models examined associations among physical activity types and contexts, and sex differences. Results: Active transportation was the most common physical activity. Home/neighborhood and school were the most common physical activity locations. School was the main location for organized physical activity. Boys spent more time on recreational physical activity, regardless of the social context, compared to girls. The average physical activity level was significantly lower for girls than for boys after school. Conclusions: Physical activity promotion interventions need to target physical activity environments and social contexts in a sex-specific manner.

Keywords: AFRICAN AMERICAN; HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS; NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENT; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY CONTEXTS; SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.3.7

Affiliations: 1: Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA., Email: yanf@uwm.edu 2: Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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