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Study Design of the Maycoba Project: Obesity and Diabetes in Mexican Pimas

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Abstract:

Objective: To focus on the rationale and methods of the Maycoba Project. Methods: Study population included Mexican Pima Indians (MPI) and Blancos aged ≥20-years, living in the village of Maycoba and surrounding area. Surveys in 1995 and 2010 included a medical history, biochemical and anthropomet- ric measurements. Additionally, socio- economic, physical activity, and dietary interviews were conducted. The 2010 study incorporated investigations on type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity-associated genetic alleles and human-envi- ronment changes. Results: The study results are limited to demographic data and description of the eligible and ex- amined sample. Conclusions: This study may yield important information on T2D and obesity etiology in a traditional population exposed to environmental changes.

Keywords: ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES; PIMA INDIANS; PREVALENCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.3.6

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México 2: Departamento de Nutrición Pública y Salud. Coordinación de Nutrición. Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Hermosillo, Sonora, México 3: College of Health and Human Services, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA 4: Department of Geography, California State University, Northridge, CA, USA 5: Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA 6: Phoenix Epidemiology and Clinical Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Phoenix, AZ, USA 7: Departamento de Nutrición Pública y Salud. Coordinación de Nutrición. Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Hermosillo, Sonora, México., Email: mauro@ciad.mx

Publication date: 2014-05-01

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