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Preferences for Blood-Based Colon Cancer Screening Differ by Race/Ethnicity

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine attitudes of a diverse community-based sample toward SEPT9, a simple, cost-effective colorectal cancer (CRC) blood test. Methods: One-hundred participants eligible for CRC screening (Mage =58.3; 44% unscreened; 38% white, 31% Hispanic, 31% black) completed cross-sectional surveys of their screening preferences following group discussions of colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, FOBT, and SEPT9. Results: Overall, 91% ranked SEPT9 first or second. Controlling for sociodemographic factors, unscreened Whites strongly preferred SEPT9, listing multiple advantages, whereas unscreened Blacks preferred colonoscopy. Only 19% of the sample listed negative aspects. Conclusion: Blood-based screening for CRC was widely favored. Future research on medical decision-making should examine the basis for racial/ethnic differences in biomarker screening preferences.

Keywords: ATTITUDES; BIOMARKERS; CANCER SCREENING; COLORECTAL CANCER; HEALTH DISPARITIES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.3.4

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA 2: Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA., Email: lisa.aspinwall@utah.edu 3: VP Oncology Technology Development, ARUP Laboratories, Inc.; Department of Pathology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA 4: Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico, USA; Cancer Control and Population Sciences, University of New Mexico Cancer Center, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2014

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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