Financial Strain and Self-rated Health among Black Adults

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Abstract:

Objectives: To explore associations between financial strain and self-rated health among 1341 black adults. Methods: Associations were investigated using a covariate-adjusted linear regression model. Mediation (via stress and/or depressive symptoms) was explored in additional models using a nonparametric bootstrapping procedure. Results: Higher financial strain was associated with poorer self-rated health (p < .001). Stress and depressive symptoms were each significant mediators of this relation in both single and multiple mediator models (p values < .05). Conclusions: Financial strain may contribute to poorer health among black adults, partially via greater stress and depressive symptoms. Potential theoretical, intervention, and policy implications are discussed. Future studies with longitudinal designs are needed to confirm these results.

Keywords: DEPRESSION; FINANCIAL STRAIN; SELF-RATED HEALTH; STRESS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.3.3

Affiliations: 1: Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA 2: Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA., Email: Lrreitzel@uh.edu 3: Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA 4: Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas School of Public Health, USA 5: Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA 6: Department of Health Disparities Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA 7: Department of Psychology, Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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