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Beliefs, Experience, and Interest in Pharmacotherapy among Smokers with HIV

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Objectives: To examine beliefs, prior use, and interest in using pharmacotherapy among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Methods: Cross-sectional survey of smokers in a midwestern HIV clinic. Results: The sample (N = 146) included 69% men, 82% African Americans, 45% were in precontemplation for quitting, and 46% were interested in using pharmacotherapy. Primary reasons for non-use included cost and a belief that they would be able to quit on their own. Physician assistance was the strongest correlate of prior use. Perceived benefits and self-efficacy were the strongest correlates of willingness to use pharmacotherapy. Conclusions: Future interventions should address misconceptions, perceived benefits, and self-efficacy for using cessation aids. Physicians should offer pharmacotherapy to all smokers.


Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, St. Louis MO, USA. 2: Saint Louis University, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, St. Louis MO, USA 3: Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of General Medical Sciences, St. Louis MO, USA 4: University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Birmingham AL, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2014

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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