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Impact of Role Models and Policy Exposure on Support for Tobacco Control Policies in Hangzhou, China

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine how expectations of role models concerning smoking and exposure to tobacco control policies are associated with people's support for smoking bans. Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conducted using multistage sampling. Employed structural equation modeling to examine the relationships and multi-group analysis to compare cross-group difference between smokers and non-smokers. Results: Expectations of role models were found to be significantly associated with support for FCTC policies related to smoking. Policy exposure indirectly relates to policy support. Cross-group differences between smokers and non-smokers were not significant. Conclusion: Expectations of role models are strong predictors of support for FCTC tobacco control policy among Chinese urban residents; policy exposure is associated with policy support indirectly through the influence of expectations of role models. Policymakers should utilize social roles to promote tobacco control measures.

Keywords: CHINA; POLICY SUPPORT; ROLE MODELS; STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING; TOBACCO CONTROL POLICY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.2.13

Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA 2: Center for Tobacco Control Research, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China. tingzhongyang@zju.edu.cn

Publication date: March 1, 2014

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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