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Associations of Subjective Social Status with Nondaily and Daily Smoking

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Abstract:

Objectives: To explore associations between subjective social status (SSS) and smoking level among 2274 adult current smokers. Methods: Associations were investigated using a covariate-adjusted proportional odds cumulative logit model. Moderation (via race/ethnicity or sex) and mediation (via depressive symptoms, social/emotional support, or life satisfaction) were explored in additional models. Results: Higher SSS was associated with greater likelihood of nondaily versus light daily or moderate/ heavy daily smoking (p = .017). Life satisfaction partially mediated the association of SSS and smoking level (p = .003). Conclusions: Higher SSS was associated with greater likelihood of nondaily relative to light daily or moderate to heavy smoking, potentially via greater life satisfaction. Additional studies are needed to confirm these findings.

Keywords: NONDAILY SMOKING; SMOKING LEVEL; SUBJECTIVE SOCIAL STATUS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.2.10

Affiliations: 1: Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education, University of Houston, Houston, Department of Health Disparities Research at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA. reitzel_at_UH@comcast.net 2: Center for Health Equity and Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA 3: Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA 4: Center for Health Equity, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Publication date: 2014-03-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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