Environmental Correlates of Children's Physical Activity and Obesity

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine the individual, parental, and neighborhood environment correlates of children's physical activity and risk of obesity. Methods: Secondary data of 1514 children drawn from the Delaware Survey of Children's Health were used for analysis. A conceptual framework was developed based on the Social Determinants of Health and Environmental Health Promotion model and tested using structural equation modeling. Results: Findings confirmed that parental support on physical activity and a favorable neighborhood environment predicted children's physical activity. However, the risk of overweight and obesity was not associated with parental support of physical activity and children's physical activity. Conclusions: Future preventive practice requires a multifaceted approach incorporating both individual and environmental changes.

Keywords: NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENT; OBESITY; PARENTAL IMPACT; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.1.13

Affiliations: 1: Nemours Foundation, Division of Health and Prevention Services, Newark, DE, USA. zhaoj@udel.edu 2: Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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