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Adolescent Girls' Exposure to Physical Activity-promoting Environments

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine self-reported exposure to a physical activity (PA) promoting intervention and changes to school environmental PA factors.

Methods: Randomly selected 8th grade girls in year 2 (N = 3469) and year 3 (N = 3462) completed surveys on exposure to the health education, PE components, PA programming, and PA supporting messages. Girls' perceptions of their school-environment and an assessment of school environmental factors by principals in support of PA also were measured. Analysis included generalized linear mixed models with random effects for site and school comparing intervention and control schools.

Results: Year 2 intervention girls reported greater exposure to all 4 components of the intervention compared to control school girls. In year 3, differences by treatment disappeared in all but 2 components.

Conclusions: Intervention girls were exposed to TAAG in year 2 with effects diminishing in year 3.

Keywords: HEALTH PROMOTION; INTERVENTION STUDY; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SCHOOL-BASED

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.1.8

Affiliations: 1: University of Maryland School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College Park, MD, USA 2: University of Maryland School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College Park, MD, USA. bsaksvig@umd.edu 3: University of South Carolina, William Brice College of Nursing, Columbia, SC, USA 4: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Biostatistics, Chapel Hill, NC, USA 5: Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, New Orleans, LA, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2014

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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