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Asthma Indicators and Neighborhood and Family Stressors Related to Urban Living in Children

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Abstract:

Objective: To examine differences in asthma outcomes by levels of child-reported neighborhood and family stress related to urban living in a sample of children and their caregivers. Methods: A total of 208 urban children with asthma, ages 6-12 and their primary caregivers from African-American, Latino, and non-Latino white backgrounds were included in this study. Results: Children's report of higher levels of stress was related to poorer asthma control. Children's report of stressors of urban living was associated with asthma functional limitation in families living below the poverty threshold. Conclusions: The results from this study may inform future avenues for intervention to decrease the effects of specific stressors associated with urban poverty that may serve as barriers to optimal asthma control in this high-risk group.

Keywords: ASTHMA; CHILDREN; MORBIDITY; NEIGHBORHOOD; URBAN

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.38.1.3

Affiliations: 1: Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center/The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. Daphne_Koinis-Mitchell@Brown.edu 2: Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center/The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA

Publication date: 2014-01-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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