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Stress and Sleep Disturbances in Female College Students

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Abstract:

Objective: To describe the sleep characteristics and examine the associations among perceived stress, sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and physical symptoms among female college students. Methods: A total of 103 students completed a battery of questionnaires. Results: The students experienced high stress during the school year. The majority of them slept less than 6 hours during weekdays and experienced moderate fatigue. High stress levels are associated with sleep disturbances, less nocturnal total sleep time, higher fatigue severity, and more depressive symptoms. Perceived stress and sleep disturbances are significant predictors for depressive symptoms and physical symptoms. Compared to the good sleepers, the poor sleepers reported more daytime sleepiness, depressive symptoms, and physical symptoms. Conclusions: Interventions to reduce stress and improve sleep are critically needed in college education.

Keywords: COLLEGE STUDENTS; DAYTIME SLEEPINESS; DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS; FEMALE; PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS; SLEEP; STRESS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.6.14

Affiliations: 1: School of Nursing, Georgia State University, GA, USA. slee29@gsu.edu 2: School of Nursing, Georgia State University, GA, USA 3: Department of Physical Therapy, Georgia State University, GA, USA

Publication date: 2013-11-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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