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Ethnic-immigrant Disparities in Total and Abdominal Obesity in the US

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine sex-specific disparities in total and abdominal obesity prevalence across 6 ethnic-immigrant groups and explore whether the observed differences were attributable to diet and physical activity (PA). Methods: Data were from 4331 respondents age 18-64 from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sex-specific multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: Regardless of race-ethnicity, immigrants exhibited lower prevalence of total and abdomi - nal obesity than natives. Among the US-born, Whites had the lowest total obesity prevalence followed by Hispanics and then Blacks; but racial-ethnic disparities for immigrants were different. In abdominal obesity, US-born white men had the highest prevalence. PA helped explain some ethnic-immigrant disparities. Conclusions: Complex interactions of sex by race-ethnicity and nativity exist for obesity prevalence.

Keywords: ACCELEROMETER; OBESITY DISPARITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.6.10

Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology, University of Utah, USA. ming.wen@soc.utah.edu 2: Department of Family and Consumer Studies, University of Utah, USA 3: Department of Family and Consumer Studies, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2013

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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