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Weight Concerns, Body Image, and Smoking Continuation in Pregnant Women in Rural Appalachia

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Abstract:

Objective: To examine the relationship between pre-pregnancy weight and body image concerns and smoking status in late pregnancy. Methods: Participants included 172 pregnant smokers. Pre-pregnancy weight and body image concerns were assessed during first trimester via the Weight Concern Scale and Body Image Concern Inventory. Smoking status was evaluated at third trimester via self-report. Results: Logistic regression analyses revealed that weight concerns played a significant role in smoking continuation in late pregnancy. Conclusions: Beliefs about weight control properties of cigarettes may play an important role in smoking continuation among pregnant women. These findings suggest assessing weight concerns with pregnant women who smoke in an effort to facilitate successful cessation.

Keywords: PREGNANCY; RURAL; SMOKING; WEIGHT CONCERNS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.6.2

Affiliations: 1: Department of Bio Behavioral Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA. correl@musc.edu 2: Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA 3: Department of Family Medicine, Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2013

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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