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The Association between Neighborhood Social Capital and Cancer Screening

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine the association between social capital and adherence to cancer screening exams. Methods: Data from a population-based survey assessed perceived neighborhood social capital as well as cancer screening behavior. We analyzed the influence of social capital on adherence to screening guidelines for cervical, breast, and colorectal cancer. Results: Data from 2668 adults documented that those with greater perceived neighborhood social capital were more likely to be screened for cancer. The effect was strongest for colorectal cancer and weakest for cervical cancer. Conclusions: Research on understanding the effect of the neighborhood social environment on efforts related to cancer screening behavior may be helpful for increasing cancer screening rates.

Keywords: CANCER SCREENING; NEIGHBORHOOD; SOCIAL CAPITAL; SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.5.12

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medical Oncology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 2: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA

Publication date: September 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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