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Relationship Among Females' Weight Status and Beliefs About Diet and Health

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Objectives: To assess reliability/validity of psychosocial surveys and explore health beliefs across weight status in female freshmen. Methods: Participants (N = 259) completed Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire and Eating Among Teens-II survey; results evaluated by weight status (Cronbach α; principal components analysis; Mann-Whitney U). Results: Factor structures generally differed by weight group but "trigger situations" and "social pressure" were consistent. For comparable constructs with Cronbach α ≥ .70, scores were neutral or slightly positive for self-efficacy, emotional eating, and social pressure. Scores did not differ between weight groups. Conclusions: Surveys demonstrated reliability but could benefit from further development to accurately evaluate psychosocial variables by weight status.


Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: University of Illinois Extension, Urbana, IL, USA; Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA 2: Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA 3: Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition and Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2013

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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