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Predictors of Behavior Change Intention Using Health Risk Appraisal Data

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Abstract:

Objectives: To investigate predictors of behavior change intention and discuss potential implications for practitioners. Methods: Health risk appraisal (HRA) data from 2 organizations were used to develop and confirm a path analysis model for predictors of intention to change behavior. Results: Lower self-rated health perception and higher ratings of stress corresponded to higher behavior-change intention scores. Stress was associated with poorer health perception. Conclusions: Higher stress and lower perception of health status were directly associated with intention to change behavior. Incorporating stress management and awareness of health perception into health promotion strategies could enhance wellness programs by aligning programs with motivating factors.

Keywords: HEALTH PERCEPTION; HEALTH PROMOTION; HEALTH RISK APPRAISAL; PATH ANALYSIS; STRESS; STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODEL; WORKPLACE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.4.6

Affiliations: 1: Health Management Research Center, School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA 2: Sport Management, School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Aarbor, MI, USA 3: Lundquist College of Business, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA 4: Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA 5: Department of Human Resources, Cuyahoga Community College, Cleveland, OH, USA 6: Management Research Center, School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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