Enhancing Informed Choice to Undergo Health Screening: A Systematic Review
Abstract:Objective: To assess the effectiveness of health screening interventions aimed at enhancing informed choice. Methods: Studies were selected if (1) they were randomized controlled trials conducted between January 1, 2000, and March 30, 2010, (2) participants in one arm underwent a prescreening intervention aimed at improving informed choice, and (3) informed choice was the primary outcome. Results: Eight studies that met the inclusion criteria involved screening for prostate, colorectal and breast cancer, and diabetes. Five of the 8 prescreening interventions led to greater informed choice. Conclusions: With researchers mindful of the limited number of studies, findings were encouraging, but conclusions regarding the most effective ways of facilitating informed choice for screening are at best tentative.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Associate Investigator, Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute/NIH, Bethesda, MD;, Email: email@example.com 2: Professor of Oncology, Leader, Cancer Control Program, Population Sciences, Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington DC 3: Professor of Health Psychology, Psychology Department (at Guy's), Health Psychology Section, King's College London, England, United Kingdom
Publication date: 2013-05-01
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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