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Neighborhood Vigilance, Health Locus of Control, and Smoking Abstinence

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Objectives: To examine whether health locus of control mediated relations of self-reported neighborhood vigilance and biochemically verified, continuous short-term smoking abstinence among 200 smokers enrolled in a cohort study. Methods: A nonparametric bootstrapping procedure was used to assess mediation. Results: Health locus of control-chance mediated relations between neighborhood vigilance and smoking abstinence in analyses adjusted for sociodemographics and tobacco dependence (p < .05). Greater vigilance was associated with greater attributions that health was affected by chance, which was associated with a lower likelihood of smoking abstinence. Conclusions: Results suggest that neighborhood perceptions influence residents' attributions for health outcomes, which can affect smoking abstinence.
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Keywords: CHANCE ATTRIBUTIONS; LOCUS OF CONTROL; NEIGHBORHOOD THREAT; NEIGHBORHOOD VIGILANCE; SMOKING CESSATION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Disparities Research, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX;, Email: [email protected] 2: Department of Health Disparities Research, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 3: Department of Biostatistics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 4: Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

Publication date: 2013-05-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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