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Reliability and Validity of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire

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Objectives: To establish reliability/validity of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire (GN-SBQ). Methods: The GN-SBQ and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) were completed by 100 smokers. The number of cigarettes smoked, smoking duration, and craving were obtained. Results: The GN-SBQ was internally consistent (Cronbach α = .82), temporally stable (r = .86), and uncorrelated with FTND. There was a significant main effect for craving, F(3, 73) = 14.68, p < .001; and the GN-SBQ was a significant predictor of craving levels (β = .476, p < .001). Conclusions: The GN-SBQ shows promise as a tool for distinguishing behavioral from physical nicotine dependence.


Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: American Legacy Foundation, Department of Research and Evaluation, Washington, DC;, Email: 2: Faculty Research Assistant, Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD 3: Professor, Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD

Publication date: May 1, 2013

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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