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A New Measure of Dietary Social Support Among African American Adolescents

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Abstract:

Objective: To develop and evaluate a measure of social support for fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among economically disadvantaged African American adolescents. Methods: Focus groups (N = 30) and pilot testing procedures (N = 17) were used to develop and pretest questionnaire items. Item, reliability, and validity analyses were conducted in a separate sample of 93 youth. Results: The measure was internally consistent (Cronbach alpha = .93) and valid, as evidenced by significant correlations found with construct (diet-specific family support) and criterion (FV consumption) measures. Conclusion: The measure is a promising method for assessing social support for FV consumption in this population.

Keywords: ADOLESCENTS; AFRICAN AMERICANS; FRUITS; SOCIAL SUPPORT; VEGETABLES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.3.2

Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ;, Email: dinoiaj@wpunj.edu 2: USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 3: Community Science, Gaithersburg, MD

Publication date: May 1, 2013

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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