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Neighborhood Preference, Walkability and Walking in Overweight/Obese Men

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Abstract:

Objectives: To investigate whether self-selection moderated the effects of walkability on walking in overweight and obese men. Methods: 240 overweight and obese men completed measures on importance of walkability when choosing a neighborhood (selection) and preference for walkable features in general (preference). IPAQ measured walking. A walkbility index was derived from geographic information systems (GIS). Results: Walkability was associated with walking for transportation (p = .027) and neighborhood selection was associated with walking for transportation (p = .002) and total walking (p = .001). Preference was associated with leisure walking (p = .045) and preference moderated the relationship between walkability and total walking (p = .059). Conclusion: Walkability and self-selection are both important to walking behavior.

Keywords: BUILT ENVIRONMENT; GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SELF-SELECTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.2.15

Affiliations: 1: Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. gnorman@ucsd.edu 2: Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA 3: School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada

Publication date: 2013-03-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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