Time Perspective and Smoking, Obesity, and Exercise in a Community Sample

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Abstract:

Objective: To examine associations between time perspective and smoking, body mass index, and exercise. Methods: In this community-based survey, adults reported smoking and exercise habits and weight and height and completed the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Results: Subjects (N=265) who were more future oriented reported more frequent exercise, but were more likely to smoke. Fatalistic and hedonistic present orientations were not associated with smoking, obesity, or exercise. Conclusions: Time perspective is not consistently associated with common health behaviors in adults.

Keywords: EXERCISE; OBESITY; SMOKING; SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS; TIME PERSPECTIVE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.2.4

Affiliations: 1: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA 2: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA wardm1@mail.nih.gov

Publication date: March 1, 2013

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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