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Rural versus Urban Texas WIC Participants' Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

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Abstract:

Objective: To explore fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption among urban and rural Black Texas WIC participants. Methods: The study included 673 WIC mothers and their 351 children from the TEXFAN study. T-tests, Pearson chi-squared test, and regressions were performed. Results: Among children, differences were found for fruit consumption but not vegetable. Urban children were offered and consumed a greater variety of F&V. Mothers' F&V intake was related to age, pregnancy status, and breastfeeding status. Conclusions: This study provides insight into a subsection of the WIC population. Further research should be done regarding increasing the amount and variety of F&V consumed by WIC women and children.

Keywords: BLACK; FRUITS AND VEGETABLES; RURAL; WIC

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.1.15

Affiliations: 1: Department of Cancer Epidemiology, University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI, USA. rgittens@cc.hawaii.edu 2: Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA 3: Texas A&M University, Department of Educational Psychology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA 4: Institute for Obesity Research and Program Evaluation at Texas A&M AgriLIFE, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

Publication date: 2013-01-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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