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Development and Validation of Worksite Weight-Related Social Norms Surveys

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Abstract:

Objective: To describe the development of measures of worksite descriptive social norms for weight loss, physical activity, and eating behaviors. Methods: Three surveys were tested in 844 public high school employees. Factor analysis, Cronbach alpha, and tests of association with other worksite social contextual measures and behaviors were performed. Results: Each survey demonstrated high internal consistency and was associated with measures of social support and behaviors. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the reliability of the weight-loss and eating-behavior norms surveys, but not the physical-activity norms survey. Conclusions: The weight-loss and eating norms surveys are reliable, valid measures.

Keywords: DIET; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SOCIAL NORMS; WEIGHT LOSS; WORKSITE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.1.14

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA. Stephenie.Lemon@umassmed.edu 2: Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA

Publication date: January 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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