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Why Do People With Suboptimal Health Avoid Health Promotion at Work?

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Objectives: To explore why people who have active work and who experience suboptimal health avoided using a multipurpose in-house health promotion service in the Danish police. Methods: Data were first collected via an electronic survey (N=6060) and subsequently via 25 telephone interviews targeting nonusers who perceived their health to be suboptimal. Results: Many nonusers with suboptimal health wished to change health behaviors, but did not use the service. Reasons were both individual (eg, laziness) and organizational (eg, delivery of the service). Conclusions: Although many reported barriers are more individual in nature, increased information and accessibility could serve to increase participation.


Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2: Steno Health Promotion Center, Steno Diabetes Center A/S, Gentofte, Denmark 3: National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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