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Cultural Perceptions of Weight in African American and Caucasian Women

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Abstract:

Objective: To determine if African American (AA) and Caucasian women grouped variables related to race and weight into discrete clusters and if there were discernable response patterns with unique subgroup characteristics. Methods: Women (N=277, 48% AA) completed a card sorting task, ranking 28 variables. We used multidimensional scaling to determine perceived similarities and differences between variables, and latent class analysis to identify subgroups responding similarly. Results: We identified 5 clusters of variables and 4 response patterns, which were demographically and anthropometrically distinct. Conclusions: These results can be used for empirical cultural tailoring of behavioral weight loss interventions.

Keywords: AFRICAN AMERICAN; CARD SORT; CAUCASIAN; CULTURAL TAILORING; OBESITY; RACE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.1.1

Affiliations: 1: Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. ardj@uab.edu 2: ICF International, Atlanta, GA, USA 3: Department of Health Services Administration, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA 4: University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA 5: Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA 6: Center for Health Discovery and Well Being, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA

Publication date: 2013-01-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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