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Legislator Voting and Behavioral Science Theory: A Systematic Review

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Objectives: To examine the application of behavioral science theories to explain the voting behavior of legislators for public health policies. Methods: We conducted a systematic review to identify studies that examined factors associated with legislator support, intention to vote, or actual votes on public health policies, emphasizing those grounded in behavior science theory. Results: Twenty-one papers met our inclusion criteria, and 6 were explicitly grounded in a behavioral science theory. Conclusions: Behavioral science theories, and the theory of planned behavior in particular, provide a framework for understanding legislator voting behavior and can be used by advocates to advance pro-health policies.
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Keywords: BEHAVIOR; BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE THEORY; LEGISLATOR; POLICY; VOTING

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: The Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. [email protected] 2: The Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA 3: Health Resource and Services Administration, Rockville, MD, USA

Publication date: 2012-11-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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