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Social-Ecological Factors of Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Black Adults

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Abstract:

Objectives: To develop and test an explicative model of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), including 6 selected contributory factors: self-efficacy, self-regulation, social support, perceived physical environment, outcome-expectancy value, and policy beliefs. Methods: A social-ecological model of LTPA using the structural equation modeling technique was estimated in a regional, church-going sample of 649 African Americans. Results: The results indicated this model is good fit to the data. LTPA was associated with self-regulation and gender directly (P<.05) and social support, self-efficacy, perceived access to LTPA facilities, and positive outcome-expectancy value indirectly (P<.05). Conclusions: Multitiered interventions considering cultural relevance are recommended to improve LTPA engagement.

Keywords: AFRICAN-AMERICANS; LEISURE-TIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; OUTCOME-EXPECTANCY VALUE; SELF-REGULATION; SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL MODEL; STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.6.7

Affiliations: 1: Prevention Research Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA. likaigang@gmail.com 2: Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA 3: School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA 4: School of Education, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA 5: Chincoteague Island, VA, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2012

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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