Subjective Social Status Predicts Smoking Abstinence Among Light Smokers

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Abstract:

Objectives: To determine if community subjective social status (SSS) predicted smoking abstinence through 26 weeks postrandomization among 755 African American light smokers of low SES (socioeconomic status). Methods: Participants were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial, which examined the efficacy of nicotine gum and counseling for smoking cessation. Results: Results indicated that SSS predicted smoking abstinence over time [P=.046; odds ratio (OR) =1.075 (1.001-1.155)] after adjusting for covariates. Conclusions: Further research is needed to understand the effects of community SSS on smoking cessation among heavy smokers and other ethnic groups.

Keywords: AFRICAN AMERICAN; COMMUNITY SUBJECTIVE SOCIAL STATUS; SMOKING; SMOKING CESSATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.5.6

Affiliations: 1: University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA. wgl@umn.edu 2: University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA 3: The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA 4: Program in Health Disparities Research, Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA 5: Program in Health Disparities Research, Director, Minnesota Center for Cancer Collaborations and Co-Director, Office of Community Engagement for Health, CTSI and Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA 6: Center for Health Equity, Director, Office of Interprofessional Career Development, Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CTSI), University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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