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Developing an Oropharyngeal Cancer (OPC) Knowledge and Behaviors Survey

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Abstract:

Objectives: To use the community participation research model to (1) develop a survey assessing knowledge about mouth and throat cancer and (2) field test and establish test-retest reliability with newly developed instrument. Methods: Cognitive interviews with primarily rural African American adults to assess their perception and interpretation of survey items. Test-retest reliability was established with a racially diverse rural population. Results: Test-retest reliabilities ranged from .79 to .40 for screening awareness and .74 to .19 for knowledge. Coefficients increased for composite scores. Conclusion: Community participation methodology provided a culturally appropriate survey instrument that demonstrated acceptable levels of reliability.

Keywords: COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION RESEARCH; HEALTH DISPARITIES; ORAL CANCER AWARENESS; ORAL CANCER SCREENING; SURVEY DEVELOPMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.5.2

Affiliations: 1: Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. vdodd@dental.ufl.edu 2: Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA 3: Southeast Center for Research to Reduce Disparities in Oral Health, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

Publication date: 2012-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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