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Psychosocial Correlates of Weight Maintenance Among Black & White Adults

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Abstract:

Objectives: To investigate (1) weight maintenance among black and white participants and (2) psychosocial correlates (eg, healthy eating barriers, self-efficacy, stress) of weight maintenance 18 months after behavioral weight-loss treatment. Methods: Linear and logistic regression examined weight change and unsuccessful weight maintenance (>5% weight gain) among 107 black and white adults. Results: After controlling for socio-demographics, differences in weight maintenance between ethnicities were not generally noted. Healthy eating barriers and stressful life events were associated with weight gain, P<.04. Conclusions: Strategies to cope with stressful events and overcome barriers to eating healthfully are needed for weight maintenance among both ethnicities.

Keywords: BARRIER; ETHNICITY; OBESITY; STRESS; WEIGHT-LOSS MAINTENANCE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.3.10

Affiliations: 1: Assistant Professor, Duquesne University School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. turkm@duq.edu 2: Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 3: Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 4: Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 5: Professor, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2012

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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