Longitudinal Change in Physical Activity and Disability in Adults

Authors: Gretebeck, Randall J.1; Ferraro, Kenneth F.2; Black, David R.3; Holland, Kimberlee4; Gretebeck, Kimberlee A.5

Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 36, Number 3, May 2012 , pp. 385-394(10)

Publisher: PNG Publications

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Abstract:

Objectives: To prospectively examine whether physical activity or change in physical activity increases or decreases the risk of disability later in life. Methods: Tobit regression models were used to examine the effect of physical activity at baseline and change from baseline on disability 10 and 20 years later in 6913 adults. Results: Increasing recreational physical activity was associated with reduced risk of disability whereas reducing recreational physical activity increased the risk of disability after 10 years. Conclusions: The analyses reveal a protective effect of sustained physical activity on disability among adults.

Keywords: HEALTH BEHAVIOR; NONRECREATIONAL ACTIVITY; PHYSICAL FUNCTIONING; RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.3.9

Affiliations: 1: Associate Professor, Department of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA 2: Professor, Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA 3: Professor, Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA 4: Associate Professor, Sociology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA 5: Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. r.gretebeck@wayne.edu

Publication date: May 1, 2012

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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