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Alternative High School Students' Physical Activity: Role of Self-efficacy

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Abstract:

Objective: To examine physical activity self-efficacy as a mediator of the association between perceived barriers to PA and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among alternative high school (AHS) students. Methods: Students (N=145) from 6 AHS completed self-report questionnaires. Results: Mediation analyses revealed partial mediation of PA self-efficacy on relationships between general barriers to PA and MVPA (b = -.39 reduced b = -.33) among females (47.6% of sample). Conclusions: Interventions with female AHS students should include a component on building PA self-efficacy. However, results suggest the broader environment may have greater impact on MVPA than individual-level psycho-social factors.

Keywords: ADOLESCENTS; AT-RISK YOUTH; MODERATE-TO-VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.3.2

Affiliations: 1: Associate Scientist, Sanford Research/USD, Health Disparities Research Center, Sanford Research Center, Sioux Falls, SD, USA. denyelle.kenyon@sanfordhealth.org 2: Associate Professor, University of Minnesota, School of Nursing, Minneapolis, MN, USA 3: Senior Research Fellow, University of Minnesota, Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Minneapolis, MN, USA 4: Assistant Professor, University of Virginia, Curry Schoo of Education, Charlottesville, VA, USA

Publication date: 2012-05-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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