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Theory of Planned Behavior and Intention to Exercise: Effects of Setting

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Abstract:

Objectives: To explore whether setting type (structured versus unstructured) might moderate the relationship between specific theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs and exercise intention. It was hypothesized that perceived behavioral control (PBC) would predict intention only in an unstructured setting. Methods: Students (N=122) completed a questionnaire that assessed TPB constructs and exercise intention for a structured (sign up) or unstructured setting (no sign up). Results: Simple slopes analysis of the significant interaction revealed PBC was a predictor of intention only in the unstructured setting. Conclusions: This provides support for the suggestion that the effect of PBC on exercise intention would be moderated by setting.

Keywords: INTENTION; MODERATORS; PERCEIVED BEHAVIORAL CONTROL; SETTING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.2.10

Affiliations: 1: Professor, College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. kevin.spink@usask.ca 2: Assistant Professor, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA, USA 3: Graduate Student, College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Publication date: 2012-03-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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