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Dual Use of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Among South African Adolescents

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Objectives: To determine factors associated with dual use of tobacco products in a population of black South African adolescents. Methods: Data were obtained from a self-administered questionnaire completed by a representative sample of grade 8 students from 21 randomly selected secondary state schools in the Limpopo Province, South Africa (n=1878). Results: Of the respondents, 11.4% used smokeless tobacco (SLT), and 55.2% of SLT users also smoked cigarettes (dual users). Dual users were more likely to be vulnerable to depression, engage in binge drinking, smoke cannabis, and attend schools without rules against smoking. Conclusion: Dual tobacco use forms part of multiple-risk-taking behavior.


Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Master Student, School of Health Systems and Public Health, University of Pretoria, South Africa 2: Associate Professor & Head of Clinical Unit, Department of Community Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa;, Email:

Publication date: January 1, 2012

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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