Cigarette Smoking Behaviors and Beliefs in Persons Living With HIV/AIDS

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Objective: To measure biopsychosocial domains related to tobacco use in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Methods: Cross-sectional interview study of 60 PLWHA smokers randomly selected from an HIV clinic. Results: Participants averaged 14.4 cigarettes daily. Sixty-five percent were moderately or highly nicotine dependent, and most were motivated to quit. Substance use and depression were very common. Most reported that smoking helped them cope with depression, anxiety, and anger. Twenty-seven percent thought (mistakenly) that smoking raised their T-cell counts and/or helped fight infections. Referrals to quitlines or cessation programs were uncommon. Conclusions: Smoking among PLWHAs is a challenging problem requiring targeted intervention strategies.


Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: AIDS Center and Division of Infectious Diseases, Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY;, Email: 2: Section of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 3: Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Albert Einstein Cancer Center, Bronx, NY

Publication date: January 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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